This course introduces methods and techniques used by archaeologists to study the development of human culture. It provides a survey of world prehistory while emphasizing the development of social complexity and the origins of agriculture that precede both New and Old World civilizations. This is an introduction to prehistoric archaeology - the anthropological study of humans before the advent of written history. The course traces the evolution of human behavior from Lower Paleolithic beginnings some two to three million years ago to European contact and conquest of Quechuan (Inca) Civilization in 1532. In addition to prehistory itself, the methodology of prehistoric archaeology is detailed from site location to excavation techniques to laboratory analysis and the dating of archaeological materials. A synthesis of the trends of prehistory is presented as the course proceeds.